Major Depressive Episode: Signs and Symptoms

Major depressive episode is a condition where you face the symptoms of major depressive disorder with a certain time phase. It is a period where you suffer from depressed mood, loss of interest and pleasure even in something you like very much for at least 2 weeks. Major depressive episode is the sudden change of person’s normal mood with totally different behavior and characteristics, where he/she behaves as a completely different person.

major depressive episode

What can be the most probable causes?

The exact cause of major depressive episode is not completely known, however, it is mostly triggered by extremely stressful events, tension , stress, unexpected happenings and so on. This condition may also occur due to the chemical changes in the brain or due to genetic problems. Another role causing major depression episode is intake of alcohol and drug abuse. With persistent consumption of excessive alcohol and drugs, people tend to fall under the trap of depression and thus suffer from major depressive episode. Sleep disturbance and other medical conditions can further support this condition.

Signs and symptoms of major depressive episode

1. Loss of interest even in the things you like

Highly depressed mood is a major symptom of major depression episode. You feel irritable and lose interest in everything you liked in the past. You may feel no pleasure, interest, enthusiasm in doing certain activities as you are accompanied by emotions like guilty feeling, anxiety, sadness and emptiness. Not only the depressed ones but the family members and partners also notice showing no interest at all in most of the activities.

2. Sleep disturbance

Sleep problem is another dreadful event for victims of major depressive episode. Either a victim suffers from insomnia or hypersomnia. Insomnia happens when you cannot sleep immediately after going to bed and also wake up very early and have no desire to sleep. Hypersomnia is the case when you sleep excessively, though the sleep is not helpful or essential to you. Hypersomnia is rarely seen in people.

3. Change in appetite

A severe change in appetite can be noticed in victims with major depressive symptoms. Change in weight is also common, either gaining or losing. In some cases, you have no desire to eat at all, you won’t get hungry no matter what. Because of this weight loss is normal. In other cases, your appetite increases rapidly and overweight can be noticed as a result of overeating.

4. Fatigue and difficulty in concentration

Major depression episode can also show symptoms like extreme fatigue with weight loss. It is very difficult and tiring for the person to do a certain task because of fatigue in almost every part of the body. Besides, the victim cannot concentrate on anything. They have unrealistic negative thoughts up in their minds in which they consider themselves as guilty.

5. Feeling to attempt suicide

In severe cases of major depression episode, you have psychological problems like hallucination and delusions. The victim also has a feeling to commit suicide, thoughts to stop the emotional pain burning in them. They may also attempt to suicide.

Other common symptoms include

• Hopelessness
• Irritable mood
• Feeling sad and empty
• Feeling of guilt
• Change in appetite with depressed moods at most of the times
• Loss of energy

How do you get to know that you are suffering from a Major depressive episode?

In a regular examination, a physician can easily tell you that you are suffering from major depressive episode just by asking you a few questions. Blood and urine test can help you to find out the medical conditions more accurately. Besides, if you are facing most of the symptoms above, you yourself can know that you are suffering from Major depressive episode.

How can you treat a Major depressive episode?

However dangerous major depression episode be, it is treatable. Treatment includes medications, therapies as well as remedies. It is better to be helped by mental health experts like psychologist and psychiatrist. If not possible or not available, you can check out for nearby health clinics and hospitals. Medications prescribed by doctors including anti-depressants are also very helpful to get rid of depression or control it to some extent.

Psychotherapy has proved to have a marvelous effect in some cases of depression. It is a therapy where the expert therapist or psychologists talk about the issues and mental condition of the victims and counsel them as far as possible. Furthermore, it can be described as talk therapy or counseling. Psychotherapy includes different types of therapies like behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, commitment therapy where they share different techniques to overcome major depressive episode.

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